This is a narrative told under the umbrella of human rights. The United States and South Africa are two countries with a record of legally backed discrimination founded on the idea of race and the rules accompanying that idea. These rules dictate marginalization and subjugation of people that are not of European origin. Institutions created in both countries include practices that are violations of human rights according to an international ideal articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Three institutions are included in this narrative: education, the job market, and the judicial system.