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Book details
  • Genre:RELIGION
  • SubGenre:Ethnic & Tribal
  • Language:English
  • Pages:155
  • eBook ISBN:9781877845130

Adimú—Gbogbó Tén’unjé Lukumí

Revised and expanded English-Language Edition

by Miguel "Willie" Ramos and Ilari Oba

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Adimús—the food offerings that Lukumí devotees present before their orishas when requesting the orisha’s intercession, protection or assistance. For the Lukumí, food must never be deficient or absent. To lack food it to lack prestige, respect, status. When the Lukumí celebrate any religious or social event, they emphatically stress that it is preferable to cook in excess so that food is plentiful. To run short on food at any activity is the greatest embarrassment an olorisha can experience. A hearty meal is an intrinsic part of any ritual function.
The material presented in this book was first offered at a seminar that I taught in August of 2003, in Miami. This was a historical moment in this city where events of this sort had rarely, if at all, ever taken place. It was definitely a first for me. I had taught other classes in New York, Puerto Rico, Chicago, Michigan and even here, in Miami. But Miami is very particular. As the modern Lukumí Mecca, the city’s olorishas, in no way Socratic, know they know and no one can teach them anything that they do not already know! “Who ever heard of an escuelita de santo!” Needless to say, despite the critics, that first seminar was extremely successful, The hotel’s conference room was filled to capacity and the participants left the seminar asking when the next class would take place. This booklet was born from that seminar. The current edition contains a considerable list of adimús—the food offerings that Lukumí devotees present before their orishas when requesting the orisha’s intercession, protection or assistance. Likewise, these adimús are presented as a token of appreciation for the deities’ generosity, and at celebrations, rituals, and other events. Adimús are also offered simply as a means of devotion, out of love and care for the orishas, and the many ways in which they assist the devotee throughout his or her lifetime. One does not need to have a reason to offer an adimú.
About the author
Obá Oriaté Miguel “Willie” Ramos, Ilarí Obá, Lukumí, olorisha of Shangó, was born in Havana, Cuba and raised in Brooklyn, New York. Ordained into the Lukumí priesthood at the age of thirteen, he has been an obá oriaté for over thirty-five years. Ramos is a student of Lukumí/Yoruba religion in Brazil, Cuba and the Cuban Diaspora. He holds a Master of Arts in History from Florida International University where he has taught courses on Anthropology, Sociology and History. Present Ramos is working on a PhD at the same institution. His dissertation will focus on Lukumí and Afro-Cuban history and culture in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Over the years, Ramos has participated in numerous conferences in the U.S. and abroad. In 2001, he was a guest curator for an exhibit on Lukumí Orisha arts held at the Historical Museum of Southern Florida in Miami. That same year, Ramos travelled to Dusseldorf, Germany where he collaborated with the Museum Kunst Palast, inaugural exhibition. Ramos has published several books for Lukumí devotees. He has contributed to several scholarly texts and journal articles, including his important “La División de La Habana . . .,” which was based on oral history and fieldwork conducted in Cuba and the U.S. during the 1990s. Two of Ramos’ recent publications, Orí Eledá mí ó…Si mi cabeza no me vende (2011) and the recently edited and revised English-language edition of Adimú: Gbogbó Tén’unjé Lukumí (2012) have received considerable praise from the Lukumí community. Presently, Ramos hosts Eleda.Org, a website about Lukumí religion and culture, and is president of the Diaspora Cultural Center in Miami. For the past thirty years, Ramos has conducted fieldwork in Cuba and Brazil, and is a pioneer in defeating passé ideologies about learning the religion by offering seminars on Lukumí rituals and consecration ceremonies for ordained olorishas. The current book is another of Ramos’ continues undertakings and his firm belief in the tenets of the odu Ejiogbé Odí that emphasize the need for the distribution of knowledge.