Relations between Jews and Muslims are battlefields of the past and the present. Was there a golden age of Jewish-Muslim relations in the distant past, or is the story more complex? What has happened in the Muslim and Jewish worlds in the past few centuries that has so poisoned interactions between the two? And most important, what can we do about it now. The International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism's Colloquium '07 drew together historians, scholars, and activists to explore these crucial questions. It was also a memorial tribute to Rabbi Sherwin Wine, founder of Humanistic Judaism and creator of the Colloquium program. This volume offers selected proceedings from that event, including presentations by media commentator and professor Fawas Gerges, anti-Semitism expert Yehuda Bauer, Sephardi/Mizrahi Jewish specialist Jane Gerber, progressive Muslim scholar Amir Hussain, and others.