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Book Image Not Available
Book details
  • Genre:SCIENCE
  • SubGenre:Life Sciences / Evolution
  • Language:English
  • Pages:66
  • eBook ISBN:9781626755680

Creation and Evolution from Atoms to the Molecules of Life

by J.C. Collins

Book Image Not Available
Overview
Usually, books on evolution begin with the simplest cells or creatures on earth and progress to you and me - this book describes how the quantized properties of surface water may have directed the development of simple molecules on the early earth into the complex forms which compose living cells today. If we are to believe the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the probability of that occurring spontaneously in the air is close to zero. However, the process did not occur in air - most likely it occurred in saline water - an environment which has such intrinsic quantized properties of hydration order on the surface and around molecules that it reversed the direction of spontaneity. Molecules developed with spatial structures which were in such harmony with the environment that the orientation and degree of hydration order on their surfaces integrated all motions and interactions. The purpose of the book is to present an accurate graphic description of how the major classes of molecules which compose living cells might well have formed in a spontaneous fashion and how they function in such a coordinated manner today. Indeed, it was energy of the sun and the increase in entropy in surface water which functioned symbiotically to bring forth the molecules of life. If life should cease and the conditions which brought it forth are repeated, it will appear once more. This book will give, even those with limited experience in chemistry and physics, a graphic view of the spatial structures and functions of the molecules of life. To quote, Dr. Michael New, a lead scientist in the Planetary Science Division of NASA who reviewed the book before publication: “Your concepts of Transient Linear Hydration and Quantized Hydration Patterning are valuable contributions to understanding the unique role of water in the origin of life.”
Description
The past ten years have brought major changes in our concepts of the structuring properties of liquid water. First: water molecules in the liquid state no longer are considered bonded to four others - high-speed neutron irradiation as well as molecular orbital calculations have provided evidence that the largest ordered unit in liquid water is the trimer with three molecules hydrogen-bonded together. Most molecules in liquid water are held together by their polarity not by bonding. Trimers last about 10-12 seconds and then return to their higher entropy rotating forms while neighbors loose energy and produce new trimers. Second: motions of water molecules adjacent to ions and surfaces are governed by Quantum Mechanics, not Newtonian Physics – molecules jump from one preferred probability position to another – they do not move smoothly. Once again, they occupy positions for only about 10-12 to 10-10 seconds – order is extremely transient. Third: water adjacent to the surfaces of natural molecules like proteins, nucleic acids and polysaccharides exhibits the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance doublet peaks of ice, not the singlets of liquid water. Since doublets are produced by water molecules bonded together in linear elements rather than in random distributions, much of the water on surfaces at any instant exists as Transient Linear Elements. Fourth: ultra high-speed irradiation of liquid water with neutrons has provided evidence that the protons of water molecules exhibit the same Dual Quantum Mechanical Particle and Wave Properties as electrons in metals – they couple together to produced Waves of Entanglement. Just as entanglement between electrons in metals provides communication at extended distances, proton coupling ties water molecules together at extended distances. Thus, living cells must be considered as gigantic molecules with transient linear waves, which last about 10-15 seconds, tying all of the parts together. Thus, both Transient Linearization of water on surfaces as well as Quantized Patterning in the free water around vital molecules occur so rapidly, relative to the movement of the molecules, that the molecules continually experience order around them. The purpose of the book is to demonstrate, using accurate graphic presentations of the major classes of molecules which compose living cells, how this continual formation of transient order directed the formation of molecules into spatial forms which could regulate motions and interactions between each other by regulating the degree and orientation of hydration order on their surfaces. The purpose of the book is to present an accurate graphic presentation of how the major classes of molecules in living cells might well have formed in a spontaneous fashion and how they function in such a coordinated manner today. Indeed, it was energy of the sun and the increase in entropy of surface water which functioned symbiotically to bring forth the molecules of life. If life should cease and the conditions which brought it forth are repeated, it will appear once more. This book will give, even those with limited experience in chemistry and physics, a graphic view of the spatial structures and functions of the molecules of life. To quote, Dr. Michael New, a lead scientist in the Planetary Science Division of NASA who reviewed the book before publication: “Your concepts of Transient Linear Hydration and Quantized Hydration Patterning are valuable contributions to understanding the unique role of water in the origin of life.”
About the author
Dr. Collins received his degrees in Chemistry from Wayne University and the University of Wisconsin. After employment at General Motors Research, E. I. Dupont and Sterling Drug, he accepted an appointment as Associate Professor at Illinois Wesleyan University. In 1967, he returned to Sterling Drug to direct Medicinal Chemistry and Developmental Research at Sterling Winthrop Research Institute until he retired in 1987 to devote full time to his driving interest in the role of water in the living cell. He has a number of publications and patents to his credit, including two books on water, and has had a synthetic organic reagent for selectively converting primary alcohols to aldehydes, “The Collins Reagent,” named after him. However, the study of natural molecular shape and surface hydration has been a major interest for many years. In this small book, he provides a pictorial view of how the quantized structuring properties of surface water may have directed the evolution of molecules to those which could assemble spontaneously and produce the phenomenon we know as life.
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