A timely analysis of political parties in the United States from 1787 to the present. It is little known that political parties were seen in the United States as deleterious to civil society by the founding fathers. This book revisits the viewpoints expressed by the founding fathers about political parties. It is an exposition of the nature of political parties and how they have achieved and continue to maintain control of federal and state governments. The book presents a clear analysis of the techniques of control that political parties have used, including the insertion of self perpetuating provisions in State Constitutions to prevent participation in State Government by non-partisan independents.